MELEKIYM RI’SHON (1KINGS) 22:1-53 Eth Cepher
A. YAHUAH foretells Ahab’s doom.
1. (1-4) Ahab sets his eyes upon Ramoth-Gilead.
AND they continued three years without war between Aram and Yashar’el. 1 KINGS 22:1
And it came to pass in the third year, that Yahushaphat the king of Yahudah came down to the king of Yashar’el. 1 KINGS 22:2
And the king of Yashar’el said unto his servants, Know ye that Ra’moth in Gil’ad is ours, and we be still, and take it not out of the hand of the king of Aram? 1 KINGS 22:3
And he said unto Yahushaphat, Will you go with me to battle to Ra’moth Gil’ad? And Yahushaphat said to the king of Yashar’el, I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses. 1 KINGS 22:4
a. Do you know that Ramoth in Gilead is ours, but we hesitate to take it out of the hand of the king of Syria?
Previously, the King of Syria promised to return certain cities to Yashar’el (1 Kings 20:34) in exchange for leniency after defeat in battle. Apparently this was a city that Ben-Hadad never returned to Yashar’el and it was in a strategically important location.
b. Will you go with me to fight at Ramoth Gilead?
King Ahab of Yashar’el asked King Yahushaphat of Yahudah to help him in this dispute against Syria. This made some sense, because Ramoth-Gilead was only 40 miles from Jerusalem.
2. (5-9) Yahushaphat proposes that they seek YAHUAH in the matter.
And Yahushaphat said unto the king of Yashar’el, Inquire, I pray you, at את eth-the Word of YAHUAH today. 1 KINGS 22:5
Then the king of Yashar’el gathered את eth-the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said unto them, Shall I go against Ra’moth Gil’ad to battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, Go up; for ADONAI shall deliver it into the hand of the king. 1 KINGS 22:6
And Yahushaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of YAHUAH besides, that we might inquire of him? 1 KINGS 22:7
And the king of Yashar’el said unto Yahushaphat, There is yet one man, Miykayahu the son of Yimlah, by whom we may inquire of את eth-YAHUAH: but I hate him; for he does not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. And Yahushaphat said, Let not the king say so. 1 KINGS 22:8
Then the king of Yashar’el called an officer, and said, Hasten hither Miykayahu the son of Yimlah. 1 KINGS 22:9
a. Please inquire for the word of YAHUAH today:
Considering the generally adversarial relationship between Ahab and the prophets of YAHUAH, this was a bold request for Yahushaphat to ask of Ahab. It wasn’t surprising that Ahab picked prophets who would tell them what they wanted to hear.
b. Go up, for YAHUAH will deliver it into the hand of the king:
When Ahab gathered the prophets they were not faithful prophets of YAHUAH. These were prophets happy to please their kings, and to tell them what they wanted to hear. Yahushaphat still wanted to hear from a prophet of YAHUAH ELOHIYM (Is there not still a prophet of YAHUAH here, that we may inquire of Him?).
c. I hate him, because he does not prophesy good concerning me, but evil:
Ahab hated the messenger because of the message. His real conflict was with YAHUAH, but he focused his hatred against the prophet Miykayahu. Yet he was willing to listen to the King of Yahudah when he advised that Ahab should listen to the Prophet Miykayahu.
3. (10-12) An object lesson from the unfaithful prophets.
And the king of Yashar’el and Yahushaphat the king of Yahudah sat each on his throne, having put on their robes, in a void place in the entrance of the gate of Shomeron; and all the prophets prophesied before them. 1 KINGS 22:10
And Tsidqiyahu the son of Kena’anah made him horns of iron: and he said, Thus says YAHUAH, With these shall you push את eth-the Arammiym, until you have consumed them. 1 KINGS 22:11
And all the prophets prophesied so, saying, Go up to Ra’moth Gil’ad, and prosper: for YAHUAH shall deliver it into the king’s hand. 1 KINGS 22:12
a. Sat each on his throne, at a threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria:
This illustrates the ancient custom of holding court and making decisions at the gates of the city. There were even thrones for high officials to sit on at the gates of the city of Samaria.
b. Thus says YAHUAH:
These unfaithful prophets (such as Zedekiah) prophesied in the name of YAHUAH, but they did not prophesy truthfully. Many commentators believe these prophets were pagan prophets, perhaps representatives of Asherah or other pagan gods or goddesses. Yet they clearly prophesied in the name of YAHUAH. It is best to regard these not as pagan prophets, but unfaithful prophets to the true ELOHIYM.
i. Perhaps these were true followers of YAHUAH who were seduced by Ahab’s sincere but shallow repentance three years before (1 Kings 21:27-29). After that, they began to align with Ahab uncritically. Three years later they were willing to prophesy lies to Ahab if that was what he wanted to hear.
c. With these you shall gore the Syrians until they are destroyed:
Zedekiah used a familiar tool of ancient prophets – the object lesson. He used horns of iron to illustrate the thrust of two powerful forces, armies that would rout the Syrians. Zedekiah had the agreement of 400 other prophets (all the prophets prophesied so).
i. This must have been a vivid and entertaining presentation. We can be certain that every eye was on Zedekiah when he used the horns of iron to powerfully illustrate the point. It was certainly persuasive to have 400 prophets speak in agreement on one issue. No matter how powerful and persuasive the presentation, their message was unfaithful.
4. (13-16) The prophecy of Miykayahu, the faithful prophet.
And the messenger that was gone to call Miykayahu spoke unto him, saying, Behold now, the words of the prophets declare good unto the king with one mouth: let your word, I pray you, be like the word of one of them, and speak that which is good. 1 KINGS 22:13
And Miykayahu said, As YAHUAH lives, what YAHUAH says את eth-unto me, that will I speak. 1 KINGS 22:14
So he came to the king. And the king said unto him, Miykayahu, shall we go against Ra’moth Gil’ad to battle, or shall we forbear? And he answered him, Go, and prosper: for YAHUAH shall deliver it into the hand of the king. 1 KINGS 22:15
And the king said unto him, How many times shall I adjure you that you tell me nothing but that which is true in the name of YAHUAH? 1 KINGS 22:16
a. As YAHUAH lives, whatever YAHUAH says to me, that I will speak:
The assistants of King Ahab tried to persuade Miykayahu to speak in agreement with the 400 other prophets. Miykayahu assured him that he would simply repeat what YAHUAH said to him.
i. This was a dramatic scene. Miykayahu was brought out from prison (1 Kings 22:26 indicates that he came from prison). We see a prophet in rags and chains stand before two kings, ready to speak on behalf of YAHUAH.
ii. “This might have daunted the good prophet, but that he had lately seen YAHUAH sitting upon His throne with all the host of heaven standing by Him, and hence he so boldly looked in the face these two kings in their majesty; for he beheld them as so many mice.”
b. Go and prosper, for YAHUAH will deliver it into the hand of the king!
When Miykayahu said this, his tone was probably mocking and sarcastic. He said similar words to the 400 unfaithful prophets, but delivered a completely different message.
c. How many times shall I make you swear that you tell me nothing but the truth in the name of YAHUAH?
King Ahab recognized the mocking tone of Miykayahu’s prophecy and knew it contradicted the message of the 400 prophets. He demanded that Miykayahu tell nothing but the truth – which Ahab believed and hoped was the message of the 400 other prophets.
5. (17-18) Miykayahu speaks the true prophecy from YAHUAH.
And he said, I saw את eth-all Yashar’el scattered upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd: and YAHUAH said, These have no master: let them return every man to his house in peace. 1 KINGS 22:17
And the king of Yashar’el said unto Yahushaphat, Did I not tell you that he would prophesy no good concerning me, but evil? 1 KINGS 22:18
a. I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd:
Miykayahu was challenged to tell the truth, and now he changed his tone from mocking to serious. He said that not only would Yashar’el be defeated, but also that their leader (shepherd) would perish.
b. Did I not tell you he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?
King Ahab said that he wanted the truth – but he couldn’t handle the truth. What he didn’t consider was that though Miykayahu prophesied evil towards Ahab, he prophesied truth.
i. “Ahab knew in his heart that Miykayahu would not fear or flatter him, but only declare the word of YAHUAH. This he construed into personal hatred . . . Hatred of the messenger of YAHUAH is clear evidence of willful wickedness.”
6. (19-23) Miykayahu reveals the inspiration behind the 400 prophets.
And he said, Hear therefore the Word of YAHUAH: I saw את eth-YAHUAH sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left. 1 KINGS 22:19
And YAHUAH said, Who shall persuade את eth-Ach’av, that he may go up and fall at Ra’moth Gil’ad? And one said on this manner, and another said on that manner. 1 KINGS 22:20
And there came forth a ruach, and stood before YAHUAH, and said, I will persuade him. 1 KINGS 22:21
And YAHUAH said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying ruach in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, You shall persuade him, and prevail also: go forth, and do so. 1 KINGS 22:22
Now therefore, behold, YAHUAH has put a lying ruach in the mouth of all these your prophets, and YAHUAH has spoken evil concerning you. 1 KINGS 22:23
a. I saw YAHUAH sitting on His throne, and all the host of heaven standing by:
King Ahab and others at the court found it hard to explain how one prophet could be right and 400 prophets could be wrong. Here Miykayahu explained the message of the 400 prophets. It is possible that this was just a parable, but it is more likely that Miykayahu had an accurate prophetic glimpse into the heavenly drama behind these events.
b. On His right hand and on His left:
Since the right hand was the place of favor, this may indicate that YAHUAH spoke to the combined host of heaven, both faithful and fallen angelic beings.
i. Some people forget that Satan and his fellow fallen angels have access to heaven (Job 1:6, Revelation 12:10). There is a well-intentioned but mistaken teaching that YAHUAH can allow no evil in His presence, meaning that Satan and other fallen angels could not be in His presence. These passages show that YAHUAH can allow evil in His presence, though He can have no fellowship with evil and one day all evil will be removed from His presence (Revelation 20:14-15).
c. Who will persuade Ahab to go up, that he may fall at Ramoth Gilead?
YAHUAH wanted to bring judgment against Ahab, so He asked this group of the host of heaven for a volunteer to lead Ahab into battle.
d. I will go out and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets:
Apparently, one of the fallen angels volunteered for this task. Since Ahab wanted to be deceived, YAHUAH would give him what He wanted, using a willing fallen angel who worked through willing unfaithful prophets.
i. “It is rather a personified spirit of prophecy (Zechariah 13:2; 1 John 4:6), for even the false prophets may be governed by supernatural or spiritual forces rather than merely human reason. It represents the power of a lie in the mouth of someone opposed to the truth and speaking for his own ends.”
7. (24-28) The reaction of the false prophets and Ahab.
But Tsidqiyahu the son of Kena’anah went near, and smote את eth-Miykayahu on the cheek, and said, Which way went the RUACH YAHUAH from me to speak unto you? 1 KINGS 22:24
And Miykayahu said, Behold, you shall see in that day, when you shall go into an inner chamber to hide yourself. 1 KINGS 22:25
And the king of Yashar’el said, Take את eth-Miykayahu, and carry him back unto Amon the governor of the city, and to Yo’ash the king’s son; 1 KINGS 22:26
And say, Thus says the king, Put את eth-this fellow in the prison, and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction, until I come in peace. 1 KINGS 22:27
And Miykayahu said, If you return at all in peace, YAHUAH has not spoken by me. And he said, Hearken, O people, everyone of you. 1 KINGS 22:28
a. Now Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near and struck Miykayahu:
Zedekiah responded the way many do when they are defeated in argument – he responded with violence.
b. Put this fellow in prison:
King Ahab responded the way many tyrants do when they are confronted with the truth. Ahab wanted Miykayahu imprisoned and deprived (feed him with the bread of affliction and water of affliction).
i. Take Miykayahu, and return him tells us that they took Miykayahu from the prison to speak to these kings.
ii. “The phrase ‘bread of affliction and water of affliction’ may be translated ‘bread and water of scant measure.’“
c. If you ever return in peace, YAHUAH has not spoken by me: The prophet Miykayahu made one final and ultimate appeal. He was willing to be judged by whether his prophecy came to pass or not.
B. Ahab dies in battle.
1. (29-30) Yahushaphat and Ahab go into battle.
So the king of Yashar’el and Yahushaphat the king of Yahudah went up to Ra’moth Gil’ad. 1 KINGS 22:29
And the king of Yashar’el said unto Yahushaphat, I will disguise myself, and enter into the battle; but put on your robes. And the king of Yashar’el disguised himself, and went into the battle. 1 KINGS 22:30
a. So the king of Yashar’el and Yahushaphat the king of Yahudah went up to Ramoth Gilead:
It is easy to understand why King Ahab of Yashar’el went to this battle; he didn’t want to believe that Miykayahu’s prophecy was true and wanted to courageously oppose it. It is less easy to understand why King Yahushaphat of Yahudah went to this battle with Ahab. He should have believed the prophecy of Miykayahu and known that the battle would end in disaster and the death of at least Ahab.
i. It may be that Yahushaphat had a fatalistic attitude towards the will of YAHUAH, figuring that if it all was YAHUAH’s will then there was nothing he or anyone else could do about it.
b. I will disguise myself and go into battle; but you put on your robes:
Going into the battle, Ahab did not want to be identified as a king and therefore be a special target. He thought this would help protect him against Miykayahu’s prophecy of doom. It is more difficult to explain why Yahushaphat agreed to go into the battle as the only clearly identified king. Perhaps he was either not very smart or he had very great faith.
2. (31-36) Yahushaphat is saved and Ahab dies in battle.
But the king of Aram commanded את eth-his thirty and two captains that had rule over his chariots, saying, Fight neither את eth-with small את eth-nor great, save only with את eth-the king of Yashar’el. 1 KINGS 22:31
And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Yahushaphat, that they said, Surely it is the king of Yashar’el. And they turned aside to fight against him: and Yahushaphat cried out. 1 KINGS 22:32
And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots perceived that it was not the king of Yashar’el, that they turned back from pursuing him. 1 KINGS 22:33
And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote את eth-the king of Yashar’el between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn your hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded. 1 KINGS 22:34
And the battle increased that day: and the king was stayed up in his chariot against the Arammiym, and died at evening: and the blood ran out of the wound into the midst of the chariot. 1 KINGS 22:35
And there went a proclamation throughout the host about the going down of the sun, saying, Every man to his city, and every man to his own country. 1 KINGS 22:36
a. Fight with no one small or great, but only with the king of Yashar’el:
Ahab’s previous mercy to Ben-Hadad did not win any lasting favor with the rulers of Syria. This strategy of the Syrian army made Ahab’s counter-strategy of disguising himself in battle seem very wise.
i. “Thus doth the unthankful infidel repay the mercy of his late victor . . . but YAHUAH had a QODESH (Holy) hand in it.”
b. Yahushaphat cried out:
Finding himself as the only identifiable king in the battle, Yahushaphat found himself quickly in danger. He cried out unto YAHUAH and was rescued when they turned back from pursuing him.
i. 2 Chronicles 18:31 makes it clear that YAHUAH heard Yahushaphat’s cry and rescued him.
ii. After the close escape at Ramoth Gilead, Yahushaphat rededicated himself to the spiritual reform of Yahudah: he went out again among the people from Beersheba to the mountains of Ephraiym, and brought them back to YAHUAH ELOHIYM of their fathers (2 Chronicles 19:4).
c. Now a certain man drew a bow at random, and struck the king of Yashar’el:
This seemed to be pure chance. It was a certain man, and he pulled his bow at random – but it struck as if it were a sin-seeking missile. YAHUAH orchestrated the unintended actions of man to result in an exercise of His judgment.
i. “And now what joy could Ahab’s black soul, ready to depart, have of his ivory house? Who had not rather be a Miykayahu in the jail than Ahab in the chariot? Wicked men have the advantage of the way, godly men of the end.”
d. The king was propped up in his chariot, facing the Syrians, and died at evening:
Ahab faced the end of his life bravely, dying propped up in his chariot to inspire his troops. When his death became known the battle was over.
i. “It appears that the Yashar’e’liy and Yahudiym maintained the fight the whole of the day; but when at evening the king died, and this was known, there was a proclamation made, probably with the consent of both Syrians and Yasha’e’liy, that the war was over.”
3. (37-40) YAHUAH’s word to Ahab is fulfilled.
So the king died, and was brought to Shomeron; and they buried את eth-the king in Shomeron. 1 KINGS 22:37
And one washed את eth-the chariot in the pool of Shomeron; and the dogs licked up את eth-his blood; and they washed his armour; according unto the Word of YAHUAH which he spoke. 1 KINGS 22:38
Now the rest of the acts of Ach’av, and all that he did, and the ivory house which he made, and all the cities that he built, are they not written in the cepher of the chronicles of the kings of Yashar’el? 1 KINGS 22:39
So Ach’av slept with his fathers; and Achazyahu his son reigned in his stead. 1 KINGS 22:40
a. So the king died:
The word through the Prophet Miykayahu proved true. King Ahab never returned to Samaria or Yashar’el in peace.
b. The dogs licked up his blood while the harlots bathed:
This was an almost fulfillment of YAHUAH’s word through Eliyahu in 1 Kings 21:19, where Eliyahu prophesied that dogs would lick the blood of Ahab. This proved true, but not in the place Eliyahu said it would happen. YAHUAH relented from His original judgment against Ahab announced in 1 Kings 21, but because of Ahab’s false repentance and continued sin a very similar judgment came upon him.
c. According to the word of YAHUAH which He had spoken:
There was another prophecy fulfilled in the death of Ahab. It was the word from the anonymous prophet of 1 Kings 20:42, that Ahab spared Ben-Hadad’s life at the expense of his own.
d. The ivory house which he built and all the cities that he built:
By materialist standards the reign of Ahab was a success. He was generally militarily successful and enjoyed a generally prosperous economy. Yet spiritually his reign was a disaster, one of the worst ever for Yashar’el.
C. The reigns of Yahushaphat and Ahaziah.
1. (41-50) Summary of the reign of Yahushaphat.
nd Yahushaphat the son of Aca began to reign over Yahudah in the fourth year of Ach’av king of Yashar’el. 1 KINGS 22:41
Yahushaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Yerushalayim. And his mother’s name was Azuvah the daughter of Shilchiy. 1 KINGS 22:42
And he walked in all the ways of Aca his father; he turned not aside from it, doing that which was right in the eyes of YAHUAH: nevertheless the high places were not taken away; for the people offered and burnt incense yet in the high places. 1 KINGS 22:43
And Yahushaphat made peace with the king of Yashar’el. 1 KINGS 22:44
Now the rest of the acts of Yahushaphat, andhis might that he showed, and how he warred, are they not written in the cepher of the chronicles of the kings of Yahudah? 1 KINGS 22:45
And the remnantof the sodomiym, which remained in the days of his father Aca, he took out of the land. 1 KINGS 22:46
There was then no king in Edom: a deputy was king. 1 KINGS 22:47
Yahushaphat made ships of Tarshiysh to go to Ophiyr for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Etsyon Gever. 1 KINGS 22:48
Then said Achazyahu the son of Ach’av unto Yahushaphat, Let my servants go with your servants in the ships. But Yahushaphat would not. 1 KINGS 22:49
And Yahushaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Yahuram his son reigned in his stead. 1 KINGS 22:50
a. Yahushaphat the son of Asa:
Asa was a good king and Yahushaphat his son followed in his footsteps and did what was right in the eyes of YAHUAH.
i. The writer of 1 Kings actually summarized many of the remarkable accomplishments of Yahushaphat, who was one of the better kings of Yahudah. From 2 Chronicles we learn many of Yahushaphat’s other accomplishments.
· He sent teachers of YAHUAH’s Word out to his entire kingdom (2 Chronicles 17:7-10). “By this little band of princes, Levites and priests, sixteen in all, Yahushaphat did more toward impressing the surrounding nations with a sense of his power than the largest and best-equipped standing army could have secured to him.”
· He established a permanent military garrison along the northern frontier (2 Chronicles 17:1-2, 12).
· He trained and equipped a sizeable army (2 Chronicles 17:14-19) that was able to quell a Transjordan invasion (2 Chronicles 20:1-30).
· He placed Edom under Judean control, controlling an important caravan route to the south (2 Kings 3:8-27; 2 Chronicles 20:36).
· YAHUAH blessed his reign so much that the fear of YAHUAH ELOHIYM came upon neighboring nations so that they did not make war against Yahushaphat (2 Chronicles 17:10).
· Yahushaphat was also an able administrator, implementing judicial reforms (2 Chronicles 19:5-11) and religious reforms (2 Chronicles 17:3-9).
· Yahushaphat was also the king connected to the famous incident when the army of Yahudah saw a great victory won as the Levites led the battle with praise (2 Chronicles 20:15-23).
b. Nevertheless the high places were not taken away:
Yahushaphat did not do everything he should have as a king. Yet he reformed Yashar’el even more deeply than Asa did (the rest of the perverted persons, who remained in the days of his father Asa, he banished from the land).
i. “In 2 Chronicles 17:6, it is expressly said, that he did take way the high places. Allowing that the text is right in 2 Chronicles the two places may be easily recognized. There were two kinds of high places in the land: 1. Those used for idolatrous purposes. 2. Those that were consecrated to YAHUAH, and were used before the temple was built. The former he did take away, the latter he did not.”
c. There was then no king in Edom:
“This note is introduced by the writer to account for Yahushaphat’s building ships at Ebion-geber, which was in the territory of the Edomites, and which showed them to be at that time under the Yahudiym yoke.”
d. Let my servants go with your servants in the ships:
After a disastrous shipping venture Yahushaphat was tempted to make an alliance with Yashar’el, but Yahushaphat would not. This was to his credit. He learned the lesson of not entering a partnership with the ungodly.
i. 2 Chronicles 20:35-37 tells us more about this shipping venture with Yashar’el. It tells us that Yahushaphat did make an alliance with Ahaziah and it ended in disaster. YAHUAH told Yahushaphat why: Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, YAHUAH has destroyed your works (2 Chronicles 20:37). It was after this word of YAHUAH that Yahushaphat turned down the offer of a continued alliance with King Ahaziah of Yashar’el.
e. Then Jehoram his son reigned in his place: Yahushaphat gave his son Jehoram to Athaliah in marriage, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel (2 Chronicles 18:1). This was a serious error because the reign of Ahaziah was a spiritual and national disaster for Yahudah because Jehoram walked in the ways of the kings of Yashar’el, just as the house of Ahab had done, for he had the daughter of Ahab as a wife (2 Chronicles 21:6). The ill effects of this were felt even to the next generation, because Ahaziah the son of Jehoram was also a bad king for Yahudah (2 Chronicles 22:2-4).
2. (51-53) The evil reign of King Ahaziah of Yashar’el, the son of Ahab.
Achazyahu the son of Ach’av began to reign over Yashar’el in Shomeron the seventeenth year of Yahushaphat king of Yahudah, and reigned two years over Yashar’el. 1 KINGS 22:51
And he did evil in the sight of YAHUAH, and walked in the way of his father, and in the way of his mother, and in the way of Yarov’am the son of Nevat, who made את eth-Yashar’el to sin: 1 KINGS 22:52
For he served את eth-Ba’al, and worshipped him, and provoked to anger את eth-YAHUAH ELOHAI of Yashar’el, according to all that his father had done. 1 KINGS 22:53
a. He reigned two years over Yashar’el:
Ahab reigned 22 years, but his son only reigned two years. Though his repentance was shallow, when Ahab repented after an announcement of judgment in 1 Kings 21, YAHUAH relented from the immediate judgment and promised to bring judgment in the days of Ahab’s son. Ahaziah’s short reign was a fulfillment of this prophecy in 1 Kings 21:29.
i. “By comparing this verse with verse 41, it appears that Ahaziah was made king by his father, and reigned in conjunction with him, a year or two before Ahab’s death.”
b. He did evil in the sight of YAHUAH, and walked in the way of his father and in the way of his mother and in the way of Jeroboam: Considering the sinful ways of Jeroboam, Ahab, and Jezebel, there is hardly anything worse that could be said of a king.
i. “It is a dark catalogue of iniquity, yet only what might be expected of the offspring of such a couple as Ahab and Jezebel.”
ii. With this, the Book of 1 Kings ends on a low note. It began with the promise of the twilight of Yashar’el’s greatest king, David. It ends with the sad reign of one of the most wicked kings over one of the kingdoms coming from the divided tribes of Yashar’el.
Gerald W Thomas in New Hebron, Mississippi